Ketoacidosis is something that is most likely to effect those with Type 1 Diabetes. This is a very severe diabetes complication that is caused by extremely high levels of acid in the blood. The prefix – keto – is in reference to ketones, which are substances that your body generates as fat breaks down during ketoacidosis. The term acid is part of the name because the blood becomes acidic because of the presence of ketones.
There are some situations where ketoacidosis is responsible for someone finding out that they have type 1 diabetes. But it’s much more common to occur after you have already found out that you have the disease. While ketoacidosis almost always occurs in folks that have type 1 diabetes, most people that are effected by it are over 40 year old when it first appears.
The reason ketoacidosis occurs mainly in those with type 1 diabetes is because their bodies have no natural insulin in their bodies – it’s only there when they inject it. Those who have type 2 diabetes don’t normally get ketoacidosis because they do have insulin in their bodies, even though it’s not fully active due to their body’s resistance to insulin. When folks with type 2 diabetes do get ketoacidosis, they do so when they have had a severe infection or have experience trauma that has put their body under a great deal of stress.
The two most common causes of ketoacidosis are an interruption of insulin treatment and infections. Those with type 1 diabetes aren’t able to go for m any ours on end without insulin before fat begins to be burned for energy and starts to make extra glucose that the body can’t use. When this happens, the burning fat creates ketones in your blood, which is responsible for ketoacidosis.
It’s interesting to note that even if you don’t have diabetes that you can be effected by a variation of this condition if you go on a very strict diet. Your body could very well start to burn some of its fat stores and produce ketones, just like it does in a diabetic. The difference in this situation is that while your blood glucose level remains low, you’ll have enough insulin in your body to prevent an excessive amount of glucose to be produced, or having a large amount released by your liver. Being on a strict diet normally doesn’t lead to ketoacidosis, even though your fat stores will likely be burned off. In someone without diabetes, this condition is known as ketosis and is not dangerous.